|State of Charge||12 Volt battery||Volts per Cell|
Why 10.5 Volts?
Throughout this FAQ, we have stated that a battery is considered dead at 10.5 volts. The answer is related to the internal chemistry of batteries - at around 10.5 volts, the specific gravity of the acid in the battery gets so low that there is very little left that can do. In a dead battery, the specific gravity can fall below 1.1. Some actual testing was done recently on a battery by one of our solar forum posters, and these are his results:
I just tested a 225 ahr deep cycle battery that is in good working order..
I put a load on it 30a for 4 hrs it dropped its voltage to 11.2
I then let it cool down for 2 hrs
then put the load back on again in 1hr 42 mins it dropped to 10.3v
35 mins under 30a load 9.1v (273w)
10 mins later max output current 11.6a 8.5v (98.6w)
5 mins later max output current 5.2 amps 7.9v (41w)
3 mins later 7.6v and 2.3a (17.5w)
This shows after it gets below 10.3 v you only have 35 mins of anything useful available from the battery.
battery is now dead and most likely will not fully recover